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雅思听力高频场景词

2018-02-06 13:35     供稿单位: 新航道    

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  雅思考试听力部分选用的文章都来自英语国家的日常生活,因此并没有绝对的单词总数设定,而搞定关键词就是我们备考的重中之重了。小编给大家总结了常在考试中出现的一些描述特定场景的高频词汇,当你把它们牢记于心的时候,雅思听力对你来说就再简单不过啦~

 

  Listening situation: social events (section 2)

  雅思听力 section 2 中经常会考到一些社会事件,比如说会议、展览、节日等。参加这些社会活动就需要通过网站、单页、通知版、广告等来了解活动的信息、日程安排、主题等详细信息。一些大型会议和活动学生是可以选择参加的,而且还提供住宿和餐饮,一切都只需要在注册的时候声明并且缴纳相应的费用即可。

 

  Events: Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition

 

  Examples: Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show

 

  Publicity: website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens

 

  Transportation: bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems

 

  Agenda: dates, timetable

 

  Focus/theme: music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits

 

  Celebration: parade, dance, chorus, music band

 

  Catering: café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue

 

  Security: security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost

 

  Listening situation: environment (section 2/4)

  这类单词肯定是大家感觉到比较专业和难于掌握的,并不是需要学员们全部记忆下来,但起码要做到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样才会对全文的听力内容有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。

 

  atmosphere: Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide

 

  pollution: air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste

 

  Geographical: soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation

 

  energy: fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas

 

  recycling: plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components

 

  Listening situation: repair (section 1)

  这个场景主要是购物或者租房子后发现有一些这样那样的问题,物体的型号、主要的问题、需要什么时间来修理、有没有质保、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。雅思听力还是非常实用的,能让我们提前预习到在国外会碰到的场景,帮我们了解外国人处理一些事情的流程和规则。

 

  What to repair: fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf), Model type/number

 

  Main problem: leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping

 

  When to repair: immediately, straight away, right now, urgent, next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks, mornings, afternoons (am pm)

 

  Quality warranty: expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years

 

  Compensation: refund, replacement

 

  Payment: cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer

 

  Listening situation: diet and health (section 4)

  饮食和健康不但是现在人们越来越关心的问题,也会是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的主题。在 Section 4 中经常出现关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都跟此有着密切的联系。我想 Heart disease, chronic illness, diabetes, obesity,high blood pressure 等疾病大家已经并不陌生了。

 

  Food intake/elements: protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie

 

  diet: cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat

 

  cereals: wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice

 

  health: low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis

 

  Physical exercises: running, jogging, swimming

 

  listening situation: medicine (section 1 )

  这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。比如说 family doctor 这个概念在中国几乎是不存在的,但是在西方的社区里非常普遍。怎样注册一个家庭医生,他们看病怎样收费等都是我们应该去了解的。在国外某些地区,如果没有注册家庭医生,很可能出现一些急症没有医生来看的情况。

 

  doctors: physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner

 

  treatments: cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,

 

  diseases: headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee

 

  medicine: antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks

 

  surgery: operation

 

  hospital: clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice

 

  listening situation: library (section 1/4)

  图书馆是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,大家应该把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。除了上课以外,图书馆应该是学生待的时间最长的地方了。国外的书籍价格还是比较高的,尤其是一些专业书籍,所以图书馆比较受欢迎也就理所应当了。

 

  registration: information desk, information sector, librarian desk,registration fee, membership fee

 

  ID documents: passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter,Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password

 

  Books: fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic

 

  Periodicals: magazines, journals Current issues, back issues

 

  Technical Resources: photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops

 

  Electronic, digital: CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM

 

  Recall system: catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian

 

  Circulation: borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve

 

  Loan time: weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)

 

  Training classes: research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing

 

  Listening situation: job hunting (section 1/2)

  边上学边打工是很多学生的普遍生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费用,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。如果有机会进入一些大公司当实习生的话必将对未来的工作有很大的帮助。以下是雅思找工作场景中经常考查的细节点,大家要注意哦!

 

  Type of work: vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job

 

  Main roles: receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint

 

  Advantages and disadvantages: pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation

 

  Working hours: am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas

 

  Pay rate: pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage

 

  Clothes: formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform

 

  Transportation: bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab

 

  Magazine reporters: housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine

 

  Listening situation: shopping

  在剑桥雅思中有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。今年的听力考试里,以下这些词也出现过很多次。

 

  Price: discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off

 

  Packaging: economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products

 

  Where to buy: supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online  shopping

 

  Receipt: invoice, quality warranty, receipt

 

  Supermarket: entrance (profitable), middle shelf (expensive), end of aisles (hard to move), quieter places ( need time to think about)

 

  以上就是为大家整理的高频场景词汇啦,当然,能听出来和能写准确则是两码事,小伙伴们在记忆这些词汇的时候最好能将听、说、写相结合,多重感官增强记忆力,当你把它们当做汉字那样熟练掌握之后,才不容易出错哦!这样做还有一个好处就是,无论在雅思听力考试,还是口语或者写作,都能灵活运用起来~高能成就高分,如果你想获得更多备考资源,那就来新航道雅思频道吧~

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