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8月10日雅思大作文真题参考范文:医药公司的主要职责是啥?

2019-08-13 17:08     供稿单位: 新航道    

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  2019年8月10日雅思大作文题目

  医药公司的主要职责是挣钱,还是为贫穷国家研究新药?


  “Some people say that drug companies have the responsibility to spend money on researching medicine to help the poorer countries, while others think that the main responsibility of drug companies is making money. Discuss these two views and give your own opinion. ”

  

  解析&审题

  本题是近年来难得一见的新题。

  医药公司的职责是为贫穷地区人们提供药物,还是主要应该挣钱?如果正确理解了这个题目,我们会发现其实并不难回答。

  医药公司当然首先得要挣钱,这样它才能生存,才能发展,也才能投入新药的研究。但在承认这个前提的情况下,我们也还是要提出医药公司应该尽到的社会责任,也就是为贫穷国家的人们提供更优质,更廉价的产品,而不是一味只为了挣钱。

  因此,对于这个题目,我们的观点就是:医药公司应该承担为贫穷国家提供药品的社会责任,但完成这个责任的前提是医药公司需要挣钱。

  以下看唐老师对以上内容的具体表达。

  老师笔记

  01

  A key responsibility of the world’s rich countries is to increase the amount ofaid provided to the poorer countries, particularly in the field of health. The question is: should drug companies be responsible for finding new medicine for these countries or should they mainly focus on making money?

  世界富国的一项关键责任是增加向较贫穷国家提供的援助,特别是在卫生领域。问题是:制药公司是否应该担负为这些国家找到新药的责任,还是应该把重点放在赚钱上?

  解析

  (1) 本段引出话题,然后直接设问。这种开头方式的优点是直截了当。

  (2) Aid 援助

  (3) Particularly 尤其是

  (4) Focus on 聚焦于......


  02

  On the one hand, drug companies in the developed world are under the moral obligation to make their medicinal products available andaffordable in the under-developed world so that the poorer people do not die unnecessarily. According to a global survey, an estimated 2 billion people cannot get the medicines they need, with millions in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa dying each year from curable diseases for lack of adequate medical treatment. As a consequence, many pharmaceutical companies have come under harsh criticism over making drugs in order to make huge money only, without particularly being interested inrelieving the poorer people of their misery.

  一方面,发达国家的制药公司有道德上的义务,使其药品在欠发达的世界中买得到,也买得起,从而避免贫穷的人不必要地死去。根据一项全球调查,估计有20亿人得不到所需的药品,南亚和撒哈拉以南非洲每年有数以百万计的人因缺乏足够的医疗死于可治愈的疾病。因此,许多制药公司都受到了严厉的批评,因为他们造药,只为了赚到巨额的钱,而不是特别感兴趣于减轻穷人的痛苦。

  解析

  (1) 本段论述医药公司的确有责任帮助贫穷国家提供廉价的医药产品。

  (2) Under the moral obligation to do...有做......的道德上的义务

  (3) Affordable 买得起的

  (4) Curable disease 可治愈的疾病

  (5) For lack of 因为缺少......

  (6) Pharmaceutical companies 医药公司

  (7) Come under harsh criticism 受到严厉批评

  (8) Relieve sb. of... 减轻某人的......

  03

  On the other hand, the main responsibility of drug companies is making money. It is because running a drug company is an expensive and high-riskendeavor. If a pharmaceutical firm does not make a significant profit, it cannot survive, let alone spending more money researching medicine to help the poorer people in the under-developed world. Too much money spent on medicine for people in the poorer countries may mean drug companies’ lower revenues, which will in turn lead to less innovation in the future. This is probably why some of the world’s biggest drug companies have failed to do what they are supposed to do.

  另一方面,制药公司的主要责任是赚钱。这是因为经营一家制药公司是一项昂贵和高风险的事情。如果一家制药公司没有丰厚的利润,它是无法生存的,更不用说花更多的钱去研究医药来帮助欠发达世界的穷人了。在贫穷国家的药物上花太多钱,可能意味着公司的收入减少,而这反过来又会导致未来的创新减少。这可能就是为什么世界上一些最大的制药公司没能做到他们理应做到的事情的原因所在。

  解析

  (1) 本段论述为什么医药公司得首先挣钱:没有利润,公司无法生存,更无法帮助任何人。

  (2) Run a company 经营一家公司

  (3) Endeavor 尝试;努力

  (4) Let alone 更不用说

  (5) Revenue 收入

  (6) In turn 反过来

  (7) Innovation 革新


  04

  In conclusion, one important responsibility of a drug company is making drugs to cure diseases everywhere in the world, especially the poor countries; but in order to do that, a drug company will have to make profitsin the first place, without which it can do nothing.

  总之,制药公司的一项重要职责是生产药品,在世界各地特别是在贫穷国家治疗疾病;但要做到这一点,制药公司首先得盈利,没有利润就什么也做不了。

  解析

  (1) 总结前文的主要观点,并回答题目的问题:医药公司应该帮助贫穷国家,但首先得赚取利润。

  (2) In the first place 首先;第一位


  7分范文

  A key responsibility of the world’s rich countries is to increase the amount of aid provided to the poorer countries, particularly in the field of health. The question is: should drug companies be responsible for finding new medicine for these countries or should they mainly focus on making money?

  On the one hand, drug companies in the developed world are under the moral obligation to make their medicinal products available and affordable in the under-developed world so that the poorer people do not die unnecessarily. According to a global survey, an estimated 2 billion people cannot get the medicines they need, with millions in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa dying each year from curable diseases for lack of adequate medical treatment. As a consequence, many pharmaceutical companies have come under harsh criticism over making drugs in order to make huge money only, without particularly being interested in relieving the poorer people of their misery.

  On the other hand, the main responsibility of drug companies is making money. It is because running a drug company is an expensive and high-risk endeavor. If a pharmaceutical firm does not make a significant profit, it cannot survive, let alone spending more money researching medicine to help the poorer people in the under-developed world. Too much money spent on medicine for people in the poorer countries may mean drug companies’ lower revenues, which will in turn lead to less innovation in the future. This is probably why some of the world’s biggest drug companies have failed to do what they are supposed to do.

  In conclusion, one important responsibility of a drug company is making drugs to cure diseases everywhere in the world, especially the poor countries; but in order to do that, a drug company will have to make profits in the first place, without which it can do nothing.

  (311 words)


  建议背诵的句子

  1. On the one hand, drug companies in the developed world are under the moral obligation to make their medicinal products available andaffordable in the under-developed world so that the poorer people do not die unnecessarily.

  一方面,发达国家的制药公司有道德上的义务,使其药品在欠发达的世界中买得到,也买得起,从而避免贫穷的人不必要地死去。

  2. According to a global survey, an estimated 2 billion people cannot get the medicines they need, with millions in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa dying each year from curable diseases for lack of adequate medical treatment.

  根据一项全球调查,估计有20亿人得不到所需的药品,南亚和撒哈拉以南非洲每年有数以百万计的人因缺乏足够的医疗死于可治愈的疾病。

  3. If a pharmaceutical firm does not make a significant profit, it cannot survive, let alone spending more money researching medicine to help the poorer people in the under-developed world.

  如果一家制药公司没有丰厚的利润,它是无法生存的,更不用说花更多的钱去研究医药来帮助欠发达世界的穷人了。

  4. Too much money spent on medicine for people in the poorer countries may mean drug companies’ lower revenues, which will in turn lead to lessinnovation in the future.

  在贫穷国家的药物上花太多钱,可能意味着公司的收入减少,而这反过来又会导致未来的创新减少。


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