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考前攻略:A2 Key / B1 Preliminary考前必看
2019-11-19 16:56   作者:新航道   阅读量:

  A2 Key/B1 Preliminary的考试,准备了详细的考前攻略,帮助各位考生熟悉考试环节,避免常见错误,顺利通过考试。

  A2 Key

  阅读与写作

  Reading and Writing

  DO

  1.Read the instructions and study any examples carefully.

  仔细读题并参考题例。

  2.Do exactly what the instructions say (for example, only write one word for each space in Part 7).

  严格按照题目说明进行答题(例如,在第7部分中,每个空格处只写一个单词)。

  3.Answer all the questions, even if you are not sure of your answers.

  即使你对某些答案不是很确定,也要答完所有题目。

  4.Check your answers and make sure you have written them in the correct place on the answer sheet.

  检查答案并且确保它们都写在了答题卡的正确位置。

  5.Write all your answers on the answer sheet.

  将答案全部写在答题卡上。

  6.Take your time and don’t hurry. There is plenty of time to answer all of the questions.

  慢慢来,不要着急,你有足够的时间回答所有的问题。

  7.Use a pencil, not a pen, on the answer sheet.

  用铅笔在答题纸上做题,切记不能用钢笔。


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  DON’T

  1.Don’t worry if there are words you don’t understand. Try to guess what they mean.

  如果有不认识的单词也无须太过担心,试着猜猜它们的意思。

  2.Don’t make a spelling mistake when you are copying the words in Part 8.

  在复制第8部分中的单词时,不要犯拼写错误。

  3.Don’t write fewer than 25 words in Part 9.

  回答第9部分时注意,你的答案不要少于25个单词。


  听力

  Listening

  DO

  1.Practise listening to English as much as possible.

  尽可能多地练习英语听力。

  2.Revise the letters of the alphabet and numbers.

  复习单词和数字。

  3.Revise vocabulary in topics (for example: jobs, sports, colours).

  按照主题复习词汇(例如:工作、运动、颜色)。

  4.Read the instructions carefully.

  仔细读题。

  5.Work through some past papers for practice.

  把以往的试卷拿出来练习。

  6.Make sure you understand how to complete the answer sheet.

  清楚理解如何填写答题卡。

  7.Check your answers at the second listening.

  在听第二遍听力的时候检查答案。


  DON’T

  1.Don’t get nervous in the exam. Just relax and do your best.

  考试时不要太紧张,放轻松,做到自己的最好。

  2.Don’t leave any answers blank (it’s better to make a guess).

  答题处不要空着(最好尝试猜测写出答案)。

  3.Don’t worry if you don’t know how to spell a word – this might not be a problem.

  如果你不记得单词怎么拼写也不用太过担心,这也许根本算不上一个问题。

  4.Don’t forget to take care to transfer your answers to the answer sheet correctly.

  誊写答案到答题卡上时别忘了要仔细一点,确保填写的答案是正确的。


  口语

  Speaking

  DO

  1.Make sure you know what you have to do in both parts of the test.

  确保清楚了解在测试的两个部分都需要做什么。

  2.Practise speaking English as much as possible, both inside and outside the classroom.

  尽可能多地练习口语,不论是在课堂上还是课外。

  3.Practise speaking English in many different situations so that you can speak clearly even if you are nervous.

  在不同的场合下练习英语口语,这样,即使在紧张的情况下你也能口齿清晰地表达。

  4.Listen carefully to the examiner’s instructions and questions during the test.

  仔细听考官的指示和提问。

  5.Speak clearly, so that both examiners can hear you.

  讲话要清晰,确保考官都能听到。

  6.Talk to the examiner in Part 1.

  在第一部分与考官交流。

  7.Talk to your partner in Part 2.

  在第二部分与你的搭档交流。

  8.Ask the examiner to repeat the instructions, or a question, if you have not understood.

  如果你没有听懂题目或问题,你可以请考官重复一遍。

  9.Listen to your partner’s questions and answers in Part 2 and try to make it a natural conversation.

  在第二部分中,注意听搭档的提问和回答,交流尽量做到自然。

  10.Remember that the examiners want you to do your best.

  考官期待你尽最大的努力表现。

  11.Try and relax and enjoy the test.

  放松身心,享受考试。

  12.Always try to answer the questions, even if you are worried about making mistakes. The examiners can’t mark you if you don’t say anything.

  尽可能的尝试回答每一个问题,即使你有可能犯错,如果你没有作出回答考官将无法评分。


  DON’T

  1.Don’t worry too much about making grammatical mistakes.

  不要因为太过担心语法错误而在口语表述中自乱阵脚。

  2.Don’t worry if you don’t understand. Just ask the examiner to repeat or explain the question.

  如果没有听懂,也不要太过担心,可以让考官解释说明或重复一遍问题。

  3.Don’t prepare long answers and try to learn them in advance.

  不要事先准备篇幅过长的答案并试图死记硬背。

  4.Don’t worry if you think your partner is not as good at speaking English as you, or is much better than you. The examiners mark you individually.

  不必担心你和搭档的英语水平不对等而影响整体效果,考官会根据每个人的实际情况进行评分。

  5.Don’t be so nervous that you don’t speak. The examiners can’t mark you if you don’t say anything.

  千万不要因为紧张而在考试中说不出话来,这样考官没法评分。

  6.Don’t worry if the examiner stops you. It is important that the tests are not too long.

  如果考官在中途打断你,也不需要担心,因为适当控制考试时长也是非常重要的。


  B1 Preliminary

  阅读与写作

  Reading and Writing

  DO

  1.Look at practice tests so that you know all the task types.

  事先通过模拟试卷了解所有的试题类型。

  2.Do lots of general reading practice in class and at home, especially the kinds of texts used in the Cambridge English: Preliminary exam.

  在课堂内外进行大量的泛读练习,尤其是剑桥英语B1 Preliminary考试中采用的文章类型。

  3.Keep a vocabulary notebook to write down new words and make notes about how to use each word.

  身边常备单词本,随时记下新单词,并且记下每个单词的用法。

  4.Read the instructions and study any examples carefully.

  仔细读题并参考题例。

  5.Make sure that you can skim and scan (read a text quickly for the main ideas or to find specificinformation).

  确保通读全文(快速浏览全文了解主旨大意或者找出重要信息)。

  6.Check your answers and make sure that you have written them in the correct place on the answersheet.

  检查答案并且确保它们都写在了答题纸的正确位置。

  7.Make sure that your handwriting is clear and easy to read.

  确保笔迹清晰,便于考官辨认。

  8.Read each text carefully before you try to answer the questions.

  在答题前仔细阅读每个段落。

  9.Use a pencil, not a pen, on the answer sheet.

  用铅笔在答题纸上做题,切记不能用钢笔。


  DON’T

  1.Don’t leave answer spaces blank, even if you are not sure what the answer is.

  不要让答题处出现空白,即使你不知道问题的答案。

  2.Don’t worry if there is a word you don’t know – try to guess its meaning.

  如果有单词不认识也无须太过担心,试着猜猜它的意思。

  3.Don’t write a full rough copy for Writing Parts 2 and 3. Just write quick notes to plan your answer.

  在做写作第二部分和第三部分时,不要写一份完整的草稿,只需写一些简短的笔记来规划答案。

  4.Don’t worry too much about making grammar mistakes in Writing Parts 2 and 3. Communicating is theimportant thing.

  不要为写作第二部分和第三部分犯的语法错误太过担心,交流沟通才是这个部分的重点。


  听力

  Listening

  DO

  1.Read the instructions carefully for each part.

  仔细阅读每个部分的说明。

  2.Look at the questions, text and pictures and think about what kind of information you are going to hear.

  看看问题、文字和图片,预判你将会听到什么信息。

  3.Listen to and look at the example question.

  仔细听,认真看每部分的答题示例。

  4.Answer as much as you can when you hear the recording for the first time.

  第一次听录音时,尽可能回答更多问题。

  5.Check your answers and find any missing answers when you hear the recording for the second time.

  在第二次听录音时,做好检查,并争取把第一次漏过的题都答上。

  6.Answer all the questions, even if you are not sure – you probably understand more than you think andeven a guess might be correct (and always better than leaving a blank).

  一定要答完所有的题目,即使对于有些答案不是很确定,靠“猜“填上也比空着强。结合你听到的信息和理解做出的判断很可能是正确的。

  7.Only transfer your answers to the answer sheet when you are told to do so, at the end of the test.

  考试结束时,听从考官指示,把答案誊写到答题卡上。

  8.Take care to transfer your answers to the answer sheet accurately.

  一定要把答案准确地誊写在答题卡上。

  9.Use a pencil, not a pen, on the answer sheet.

  用铅笔在答题卡上书写,切记不能用钢笔。


  DON’T

  1.Don’t worry if you don’t hear clearly enough to answer the first time. Everything is played twice.

  每段录音都会播放两次。所以,第一次没听清楚也不用担心。

  2.Don’t panic if you don’t understand everything in the text – you probably don’t need to.

  如果不能做到理解文章里的所有信息,也不要惊慌,因为可能并不需要。

  3.Don’t change your answers when you are transferring them to the answer sheet.

  在向答题卡誊写答案时,当心誊错。


  口语

  Speaking


  DO

  In General

  1.Practise your English, in and out of the classroom, as much as you can.

  尽可能多地练习口语,不论是在课堂上还是课外。

  2.Listen carefully to the examiner’s questions.

  认真听考官提出的问题。

  3.Ask the examiner if you don’t understand what you have to do.

  如果不清楚自己需要做什么,可以向考官询问。

  4.Speak clearly so that both examiners and your partner can hear you.

  讲话要清晰,确保考官和你的搭档都能听到。

  5.Remember that both the examiners want you to do well in the test.

  记住,你面对的是两位考官,他们都希望你能有良好的表现。


  In Part 1

  1.Talk to the examiner, not your partner.

  与你的考官交谈,而不是搭档。

  2.Make sure that you can spell your name out loud.

  响亮地说出你的名字。

  3.Try to give more than one-word answers.

  尽量不要只用单个单词来回答问题。


  In Parts 2 and 4

  1.Talk to your partner, not the examiner.

  与你的搭档交谈,而不是考官。

  2.Ask your partner questions.

  记得向你的搭档提问。

  3.Listen to your partner’s answers and look at them to show that you are interested in what they aresaying.

  仔细听搭档说的话,看着他们,表现出你对他们的话有着强烈的兴趣。

  4.Give your partner a chance to speak too.

  给你的搭档说话的机会。


  In Part 3

  1.Talk about everything you can see in the photograph – for example, colours, clothes, time of day, weather.

  照片中看到的一切都要谈及,例如,颜色、衣服、时间、天气。

  2.If you don’t know a word, try to explain what you mean using other words.

  如果你不知道一个单词,换一个说法表达你的意思。


  DON’T

  In General

  1.Don’t worry too much about making grammatical mistakes.

  犯了语法错误不必太担心。

  2.Don’t worry too much if you don’t know a word.

  如果不知道一个单词的意思也不用过于担心。

  3.Don’t worry if your partner is a stronger or weaker speaker than you. The examiners assess you individually.

  不必担心你和搭档的英语水平不对等而影响整体效果,考官会根据每个人的实际情况进行评分。

  4.Don’t sit in silence in the test, even if you are nervous – the examiners can’t give you marks if you don’t speak.

  即使你会紧张,也不要在口语考试中保持沉默——如果你不开口说话,考官无法给你评分。


  In Parts 2 and 4

  1.Don’t speak for too long without involving your partner.

  不要说太久,给你的搭档留一些表现的机会。


  In Part 3

  1.Don’t try to talk about things or ideas outside the photograph.

  不要谈论照片以外的事物或想法。

  2.Don’t stop talking if there is a word you don’t know, just talk about something else you can see.

  不要因为不知道某个单词而停止讲话,谈谈你看到的别的东西就可以了。

  请大家在考前仔细阅读,利用考前时间充分熟悉考试的各个环节及注意事项,最后,祝大家考试顺利,取得理想的成绩!


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