2016-04-15 10:48 供稿单位: 新航道 原创作者:新航道
莎士比亚 William Shakespeare
English playwright and poet William Shakespeare, who lived in the late 1500s and early 1600s, is regarded as the greatest dramatist in the history of English literature. His plays include historical works such as Richard II, comedies, including As You Like it, and tragedies, such as Hamlet, Othello, and King Lear. He had a profound understanding of human nature and human behavior, and he was able to communicate this knowledge through the wide variety of characters he created in his plays.
Though recognized in much of the world as the greatest of all dramatists, he surprisingly didn't attend the university after graduated from a grammar school due to taking the responsibility of the eldest son in family and becoming an apprentice to learn the business in his father's shop. (可以套university对成功有否影响之类的问题)The school's rigorous curriculum was based largely on the study of Latin and the major classical writers, which influenced Shakespeare's writing a lot. But it was the mundane life experience during his apprentice time provided those vivid images in Shakespeare's mind. (可以套 平凡小事的大作用 之类的问题)
In late 1580s, Shakespeare went to London and worked in the theatre as a handy man, who sometimes prompted the stage lines to the actors or played an insignificant role in the play. His talent of drama writing first appeared when he tried to revise the old scripts because the theatre's immediate requirements of different scripts everyday. (这个勉强算struggle好了) During the summer of 1592 to the spring of 1594 because of plague, many theaters were closed, which led to Shakespeare's losing job. He seized the chance to read a large number of books and improved himself, which eventually made him stand out conspicuously after the plague. (很明显啦抓住机遇之类的问题)