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SAT阅读不提分?这18种题型你都掌握了吗?
2019-09-27 14:41   作者:新航道   阅读量:

  SAT考试中最让考生担忧的就是它的阅读部分,尤其是SAT改革后阅读更难了,想要拿到阅读高分,就先要了解都考哪些题型。

  SAT的OG将其阅读题型分成三大块:

  1、对文本信息的考察;

  2、对作者写作技能的考察;

  3、以及综合考察。


  一、Informationand Ideas: The Author's Message (对文本信息的考察)

  包括以下题型:

  1、文本细节的考查

  1)直接信息题(Explicit Meaning),该类题型能够直接从文本中找到信息,题目中通常出现如下字眼“According to the passage," "states," "indicates,"等。如:The authors indicate that people value gift-giving because they feel it…?

  2)隐含信息题(Implicit Meaning),该类题型需要理解文本的隐含意思,题目中通常出现如下字眼“basedon the passage,” "it can reasonably be inferred,""implies," 等。如:Based on the passage, the author's statement "…" impliesthat…?

  3)类比题(Analogy),考察对文本内容特征的把握及应用,如“Whichof the following situations is most analogous to the relation shipmentioned in line 5 to 10?

  2、文本论据的考查

  循证题(CitingTextual Evidence),要求为上一题的答案寻找论据或者为某个结论提供论据。

  如:Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previou squestion? (寻找上一题答案论据),或者Inlines 46-50("Prosecutions…sens"),whatis the most likely reason Jordan draws a distinction between two types of "parties"? (为某个结论提供论据)

  循证题是对文本论据的考察,在每个篇章中会出现两题,共10题。

  3、文本传达信息的考查

  1)中心思想/主旨题(Central Idea/ Theme),是对整篇文章的主旨或段落中心思想的考察。如:The central claim of the passage is that…?(对整篇文章主旨的考察),或者The central idea of the fourth paragraph (line35-57)isthat…?(对段落中心思想的考察);

  2)小结题(Summary),对整篇文章或段落的小结,如:Which choice best summarizes the passage?

  3)关系题(Relationship),考察人物,事件,观点之间的因果,对比,递进等关系,如:Which choice best describes the relationship between neurons and celebrities?

  4)单词/词组释义题(Interpreting Words and Phrases in Context),顾名思义,即是对单词、词组意思的考察。如:Asused in line 10, "intense" most nearly means…?


ball-shaped-close-up-contemporary-2682318.jpg


  二、Rhetoric:The Author's Craft (对作者写作技能的考察)

  包括以下题型:

  1.单词/词组/句子功能题(Analyzing Word Choice),包括使用目的,作用和效果。如:Woolf uses the word "we" through out the passage mainly to…?

  2.文本结构题(Analyzing Text Structure),对文本总体结构的考察或对部分内容与整篇文章的关系的考察。如:Over the course of the passage, the main focus of the narrative shifts from the … to…?

  3.观点态度题(Analyzing Point of View),对作者或人物观点,态度和立场的考察。题目中通常包括"perspective","point of view"等字眼。如:Thestance Jordan takes in the passage is best described as that of…?

  4.目的题 (Analyzing Purpose),对整篇文章或部分段落目的的考察。题目中通常包括“purpose”,“function”等字眼。选项中也通常出现“criticize”,“support”,“present”,“introduce”等字眼。如:The main purpose of the passage is to…?

  5. 论证题 (AnalyzingArguments),对作者在论证过程中的论点,反论点,论证方式和论据的考察。题目中通常出现“claim”、“counterclaim”,“reason”,“evidence”等字眼。如:A student claims that nitrogenous bases pair randomly with one another.Which of the following statements in the passage contradicts the student's claim?


art-artistic-blank-page-371954 (2).jpg


       三、Synthesis(综合题)

  该类指的是涉及到双篇文章的题目或文章与图表综合考察的题目。

  1、双篇题

  通常分为取同,取异,互联题。

  1)取同题,对两篇文章的相同点的考察。如:Thecrows in Passage 1 and the ravens in Passage 2 shared which trait?

  2)取异题,对两篇文章的不同点的考察。如:Onedifference between the experiments described in the two passages isthat unlike the researchers discussed in Passage 1, the author ofPassage 2…?

  3)互联题,对两篇文章的相关性的考察。如:Isthe main conclusion presented by the author of Passage 2 consistentwith Morgan's canon, as described in Passage 1?

  以上三种题型皆涉及到对双篇文章的分析。

  2、图表题

  包括对图表信息的直接或间接的考察,以及对图表信息和文本内容的综合考察。如:Whichclaim about traffic congestion is supported by the graph?或者:Itcan reasonably be inferred from the passage and the graphic that…?

  综上所述:

  1、从词汇层面看,词汇题考察的是词汇的意思和功能;

  2、从段落层面看,考察的题目包括观点态度题,目的题,小结题,中心思想题,论证题,细节类题型等等;

  3、从篇章层面看,同样包括细节题,态度,目的,小结,中心思想题,论证题,还包括关系题,循证题,文本结构题等。

  由此可见,新SAT尤其侧重对篇章的考察。


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