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英语提高捷径:阅读与朗读

2014-08-27 15:24     供稿单位: 新航道    

出国英语考试有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思阅读评分标准 托福阅读评分标准 雅思和托福的区别

我们都费尽心机寻找各种学习英语的捷径,甚至“斥巨资”参与各类高端培训班。但是,我们似乎淡忘了“阅读”和“朗读”这两种最传统但也是最有效的英语学习方法。

Improve your Pronunciation 改善发音方式

Choose a paragraph and read aloud.

选择一个段落并大声朗读。

Choose a paragraph and mark each sentence with a sound script (helpful pronunciation markup). This will help you read more naturally and thus pronounce correctly.

选择一个段落并给每个句子标上音标(这是很有用的读音标记)。这样你就能更自然准确地发音了。

Choose a few sentences from your reading material and highlight content words. Read these sentences focusing on accenting these content words, while quickly speaking over the structure words.

从阅读材料中选择一些句子并突出实义词的读音。然后在朗读这些句子的时候,注意重读这些实义词,而功能词则只需快速读过。

Once you become comfortable reading a single paragraph aloud, read an entire page by reading a paragraph aloud and then reading one silently.

当你开始游刃有余地大声朗读一个段落的时候,那就大声朗读一整页中的一个段落,然后再默读一个段落。

Choose some nursery rhymes to practice. They will help you with pronunciation through rhythm.

选择一些童谣来练习。这样会使你在朗读的过程中更有节奏感。

Read a short story or a few paragraphs to a friend who is also studying English. Compare the differences and discuss what might be the reasons for the differences.

跟一位正在学英语的朋友读一篇短篇故事或者是几个段落。比较它们之间的区别并讨论造成差异的原因。

Choose a paragraph, short article or newspaper story with new vocabulary. Use the Babylon dictionary or other online pronunciation resource to help you learn the correct pronunciation of these words.

选择一个有新词汇的段落,短文或者是报纸新闻,使用巴比伦词典或者其他在线读音资源来帮助你纠正这些单词的发音。

Read a play with some friends. Each friend takes a different part. Start with short scenes. Once you are comfortable, read longer pieces together.

和朋友一起朗读剧本,每个人扮演着不同的角色。首先从短剧开始,然后当你适应了,再进行长剧的练习。

Improve your Vocabulary 扩大词汇量

Construct vocabulary trees from short stories or articles you are reading.

通过阅读短篇小说或文章构建词汇树形表。

Build mind maps based on the stories or articles you are reading.

以正在阅读的文章为基础构建思维导图。

Photocopy a page or an article and highlight all the words you do not understand. Look up those words and add them to your vocabulary diary.

复印一页或者是一个篇章并标出所有你不认识的单词。查字典并把它们记录在你的词汇本里面。

When you come across a word you do not understand, first try to understand based on context.

当你遇到不认识的单词的时候,首先联系单词所在的语境来推测单词的意思。

Focus on prefixes and suffixes and find examples in a text you are reading. Underline and try to understand based on the prefixes or suffixes. Try to come up with the antonyms. These are words with an opposite meaning and are often related (unhappy - happy, misinformation - information, etc.)

注意单词的前缀和后缀并从文本中寻找例子。把它们用线标出来并尝试通过前缀和后缀来推测单词的意思。也可以通过反义词来推测。例如,unhappy(不开心的)- happy(开心的),misinformation(误报)- information (信息),等等。

Read a short story and try to retell or rewrite the story using as much vocabulary from the story as possible.

朗读一篇短篇故事,并尝试使用原文中的词汇复述或重写这个故事,词汇越多越好。

Note down nouns and adjectives you do not understand. Use a thesaurus to help you find synonyms to these words. Finding synonyms will help you learn groups of words with similar meanings.

记录下你不认识的单词和形容词,使用 thesaurus.com 来帮助你找出单词的近义词,这样能够帮助你学习到许多具有相同意义的单词。

Improve Your Conversational Skill 提高对话能力

Reading Tips to Improve Your Conversational Skills

提高对话能力

Choose an article or short story to read with a friend or classmate. Discuss the article together.

选一篇文章或故事,找一位小伙伴,两个人一起朗读和讨论。

Choose an article or short story to read with a friend or classmate. Each person should write down five questions about the article and his / her partner.

选一篇文章或故事,和小伙伴一起朗读,然后每个人写下五个关于文章和同伴的问题。

Read a few articles to develop a debate. Hold the debate in class making arguments based on what you have read.

阅读一些文章,并根据所读的内容,在班上开展与文章相关的辩论赛。

Read a short play with a few friends. Continue the conversation by each taking a character from the play and having a discussion about something that happened in the play.

和小伙伴们一起读短剧。然后进行关于剧中人物和剧情的深入讨论。

Read dialogues. Once you've practiced the written texts, improvise a continued conversation using the same characters as in the dialogue.

朗读对话。当你们完成了文本的练习,可以扮演剧中的角色即兴开展后续的对话练习。

Read short biographies. Pair up with a friend or classmate and take on the roles of interviewer and famous person (taken from the biography).

朗读短篇传记。结伴扮演采访者和名人(从传记中获取相关信息)。

Improve Your Grammar 提高语法水平

Focus on various tenses or forms, by highlighting examples of a specific form in a text you are reading.

注意不同的时态和形式。可以通过注明文本中特别的语法例子来练习。

Highlight all auxiliary verbs in a text. Discuss which tenses take the highlighted auxiliary verbs.

把文本中所有的助动词标出来。讨论每个助动词所表示的是什么时态。

Choose a few sentences from your reading material and highlight content words (main verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs) in red and structural words (articles, auxiliary verbs, any and some, etc.) in yellow or another color.

从阅读材料中选一些句子,用不同的颜色标出不同的词类。用红色标出实义词(主动词,名词,形容词,副词),用黄色标出功能词(冠词,助动词,等等)。

Find linking words (although, however, but, first, next, etc.) and notice how they relate sentences to each other.

找出连接词(although, however, but, first, next,等等),并注意它们是怎么连接相关句子的。

Use a text as a basis for a sentence auction in class. Change some of the sentences to an incorrect version and see if you can fool your classmates into thinking they are correct.

选一篇文章,在班上玩句子拍卖的游戏。把一些句子改成错误的结构,再看看哪位同学能够被你欺骗了!

In small groups, highlight sentences using different tenses. Each student explains the reasons for the tense in each sentence.

在小组里,着重强调使用不同时态的句子。每位同学解释一下不同句子使用不同时态的原因。

Mark-up a few sentences from an article selecting subject, auxiliary verb, main verb, adjective, etc.

从一篇文章中选择主语,助动词,主动词,形容词等的词来造句。

Improve Your Listening Skills 提高听力水平

Read the text as you listen to it on an audio book.

听有声读物的时候,一边听一边看听力文本。

Take advantage of audio books. Read a page and then listen to that page. Repeat once a day.

充分利用有声读物,首先朗读一页,然后再听音频。每天重复一次。

Read aloud to each other in small groups. Each student is responsible for explaining new vocabulary in the paragraphs he / she reads.

在小组中互相大声朗读材料。每个同学都要讲解他/她所读到段落中的新单词的意思和用法。

Ask your teacher to choose a book to read aloud to the class. Do a few pages each day.

让老师选一本书,每天给大家大声读几页。

Listen to easy audio books in English on your way to and from work.

上下班的时候听一些轻松易懂的有声读物。

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