2014-08-27 15:24 供稿单位: 新航道
Improve your Pronunciation 改善发音方式
Choose a paragraph and read aloud.
Choose a paragraph and mark each sentence with a sound script (helpful pronunciation markup). This will help you read more naturally and thus pronounce correctly.
Choose a few sentences from your reading material and highlight content words. Read these sentences focusing on accenting these content words, while quickly speaking over the structure words.
Once you become comfortable reading a single paragraph aloud, read an entire page by reading a paragraph aloud and then reading one silently.
Choose some nursery rhymes to practice. They will help you with pronunciation through rhythm.
Read a short story or a few paragraphs to a friend who is also studying English. Compare the differences and discuss what might be the reasons for the differences.
Choose a paragraph, short article or newspaper story with new vocabulary. Use the Babylon dictionary or other online pronunciation resource to help you learn the correct pronunciation of these words.
Read a play with some friends. Each friend takes a different part. Start with short scenes. Once you are comfortable, read longer pieces together.
Improve your Vocabulary 扩大词汇量
Construct vocabulary trees from short stories or articles you are reading.
Build mind maps based on the stories or articles you are reading.
Photocopy a page or an article and highlight all the words you do not understand. Look up those words and add them to your vocabulary diary.
When you come across a word you do not understand, first try to understand based on context.
Focus on prefixes and suffixes and find examples in a text you are reading. Underline and try to understand based on the prefixes or suffixes. Try to come up with the antonyms. These are words with an opposite meaning and are often related (unhappy - happy, misinformation - information, etc.)
注意单词的前缀和后缀并从文本中寻找例子。把它们用线标出来并尝试通过前缀和后缀来推测单词的意思。也可以通过反义词来推测。例如，unhappy(不开心的)- happy(开心的)，misinformation(误报)- information (信息)，等等。
Read a short story and try to retell or rewrite the story using as much vocabulary from the story as possible.
Note down nouns and adjectives you do not understand. Use a thesaurus to help you find synonyms to these words. Finding synonyms will help you learn groups of words with similar meanings.
记录下你不认识的单词和形容词，使用 thesaurus.com 来帮助你找出单词的近义词，这样能够帮助你学习到许多具有相同意义的单词。
Improve Your Conversational Skill 提高对话能力
Reading Tips to Improve Your Conversational Skills
Choose an article or short story to read with a friend or classmate. Discuss the article together.
Choose an article or short story to read with a friend or classmate. Each person should write down five questions about the article and his / her partner.
Read a few articles to develop a debate. Hold the debate in class making arguments based on what you have read.
Read a short play with a few friends. Continue the conversation by each taking a character from the play and having a discussion about something that happened in the play.
Read dialogues. Once you've practiced the written texts, improvise a continued conversation using the same characters as in the dialogue.
Read short biographies. Pair up with a friend or classmate and take on the roles of interviewer and famous person (taken from the biography).
Improve Your Grammar 提高语法水平
Focus on various tenses or forms, by highlighting examples of a specific form in a text you are reading.
Highlight all auxiliary verbs in a text. Discuss which tenses take the highlighted auxiliary verbs.
Choose a few sentences from your reading material and highlight content words (main verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs) in red and structural words (articles, auxiliary verbs, any and some, etc.) in yellow or another color.
Find linking words (although, however, but, first, next, etc.) and notice how they relate sentences to each other.
找出连接词(although, however, but, first, next,等等)，并注意它们是怎么连接相关句子的。
Use a text as a basis for a sentence auction in class. Change some of the sentences to an incorrect version and see if you can fool your classmates into thinking they are correct.
In small groups, highlight sentences using different tenses. Each student explains the reasons for the tense in each sentence.
Mark-up a few sentences from an article selecting subject, auxiliary verb, main verb, adjective, etc.
Improve Your Listening Skills 提高听力水平
Read the text as you listen to it on an audio book.
Take advantage of audio books. Read a page and then listen to that page. Repeat once a day.
Read aloud to each other in small groups. Each student is responsible for explaining new vocabulary in the paragraphs he / she reads.
Ask your teacher to choose a book to read aloud to the class. Do a few pages each day.
Listen to easy audio books in English on your way to and from work.