2018-06-05 10:16 供稿单位: 新航道 原创作者:集团托福写作项目组
“Some people think that some lessons for young children (age 4-8) which include video games can serve as effective and interesting ways of learning, while others think that these lessons are quite distracting and can be seen as a waste of time. What is your opinion and why?
While some people oppose lessons that include video games, considering these games distractions and time wasters, I tend to argue otherwise. When learners are young children, those who are aged between 4 and 8, video games, children’s favorite recreationalactivityfun, actually are advantageous to the effectiveness of learning.
Indeed, it takes more time for a video game to communicate ideas than for a page of a book to do so, because the game breaks an idea down to pieces of information and feeds children slowly. However, this is often unfairly construed as a waste of time. As a matter of fact, the time is worthwhile since children have to take baby steps to learn as their cognitive ability is not yet developed. In addition, video games are often accused of diverting young children’s attention. However, it is only when playing is uncontrolled that the distraction happens. In fact, these games themselves do not distract children and instead they concentrate children’s attention. How could it be possible that any person thinks of other matters while he or she plays video games? The truth is that when children play video games, they play wholeheartedly and effectively receive the information the games convey.
At this point, it is fair to say that the ‘gaming as learning’ method is not unadoptable; it should actually be recommended. As for the merits of this approach, there are quite a few. First, video games translate abstract information into what is more comprehensible—moving pictures, making learning interesting and easy. These pictures illustrate knowledge that is obscure in words. Since children, due to their cognitive inadequacy, are unable to chew the difficult information and therefore feel defeated and show reluctance or aversions to learning, the way video games present knowledge proves to be particularly effective. When knowledge is not hard cold theories or ideas but lively colors, motions or sounds, children learn effectively.
Video games are the effective medium of knowledge also because they deliver knowledge in a way that aligns with children’s learning. Children are always active and sometimes hyperactive, and thus they are seldomhardly attracted by motionless texts or pictures. This is where video games have an obvious advantage: they allow children to put their hands on the screen—to tap, swipe or even doodle, intriguing children and drawing children’s attention. This is when teaching and learning are at the same pace, and when teaching and learning are synchronized, they are both effective.
Although it is not completely unreasonable to stand opposite playing (video games) as learning, the opposition is based on a few misconceptions. There are compelling reasons to persuade those opponents and to believe that video games are more of an advantage for children in the age range of 4 to 8.
2017 年全年的48 场新托福考试已经落下帷...