1. literacy /'lɪt(ə)rəsɪ/
e.g. Many adults have some problems with literacy and numeracy.
e.g. The program is intended to promote adult literacy among people who have had very little schooling.
schooling n. 教育,学校教育
adj. literate 有读写能力的/ 有专业知识的；懂行的
antonym：illiterate 不识字的；文盲的; 缺乏专业知识的
e.g. computer/ financially literate
e.g. economically, scientifically, politically illiterate
e.g. Many senior managers are technologically illiterate.
e.g. it is estimated that 880 million adults around the world are illiterate, that is, they are unable to read or write. A majority of them are women.
2. moral /'mɒr(ə)l/
常见搭配：moral standards 道德标准
moral value 道德观，道德价值
moral support 道义支持；精神支持
e.g. Schools teach moral values both by example and in lessons.
e.g. Moral values are defined as guidelines that assist a person in deciding between right and wrong.
Quality- oriented education is an education model that aims at improving the quality of educated people and attaching importance to people's ideological and moral qualities, ability training, personality development, and the education of both physical and mental health.
补充：exam-oriented education 应试教育
n. moral 道德规范;品德;品行
e.g. some of them prefer money to morals.
e.g. In our time we have seen a shocking decline in both public and private morals.
3. placement /'pleɪsmənt/
常见搭配：work placement 工作实习
e.g. The trainee teachers do a school placement in the summer term.
听力真题17-3-3：I decided to go for the Orion Stadium placement. The event I’ll be managing is one where I’m helping to set up a sports competition for primary school children. That’s always a popular placement – even though it can be tougher than you think working with children.
其他补充：placement test : In many countries, including the United States, it is not unusual for students to take a placement exam in a subject such as mathematics upon entering middle or high school to determine what level of classes they should take. 分级；分班考试
4. compulsory /kəm'pʌls(ə)rɪ/
e.g. compulsory education 义务教育
e.g. compulsory course 必修课程
e.g. Attendance is compulsory for all students.
e.g. According to college curriculum, students have to finish some compulsory courses and selective courses.
selective courses 必修课