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首页 > 雅思 > 雅思资讯 > 雅思写作 > 雅思写作技巧及注意事项介绍

雅思写作技巧及注意事项介绍

2022-01-14     作者 :    

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  雅思写作部分对于整个考试来说是比较难的,我们在考试中要注意什么内容呢?一起看看小编给大家整理的内容吧。

  一、语法的应用

  在雅思的写作中, 语法是我们的重点和难点。当考生把握了结构并想好了观点后,却难以用规范的英语表达出来。即使勉强拼凑出了文章,也会另人费解。所以在准备雅思考试的起始阶段,考生应从语法着手,填补以前没有学好的语法漏洞。

  虽然在雅思考试中,没有独立的语法考试,可是一个考生对语法的掌握却能够在听,说,读,写这四项中反映出来。

  例如,通过对语法结构的判断,可以轻松应对阅读中的综合填空;具有较强的语法功底,又可以帮助判断听力考试中,是否填对了单词的正确形式;在写作项目中,文章的档次更是由所使用的语法正确与否而直接决定。总而言之,语法是支持IELTS的背后框架,而且IELTS所涉及到的都是那些最基本,最常用的。

  语法结构包括:动词时态一致、主谓一致、用词准确(名词、动词、形容词);主要避免的是冠词错误和介词错误。

  因此,考生在备考写作考试中万万不能忽视语法,只有语法基础变强了,才会写出更加漂亮的文章来。所以考生要选择合适的语法结构。

  选择合适的语法结构可以使句子意思的表达更为精确和简练。虽然语法的多样性也很重要,但选择最恰当的语法结构仍然是更为重要的考虑因素。

  以下原则是在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

  1. 一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。

  例如:The situation that resulted in my grandfather's not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm。

  从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather's not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

  My grandfather couldn't study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

  2. 避免频繁使用“there be”结构。

  例如下面的句子:There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.

  可以改为:

  My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm everyday.

  更简洁的句式为:

  My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

  3. 把从句改为短语或单词。

  例如:Dairy cows were raised on the farm, which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

  简介的表达方式为:

  The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearest university.

  4. 仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。

  例如:In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather's family.

  本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather'sfamily”,而使用了被动语态後,彷佛重心变成了cows和hay。

  下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

  In the fall, my grandfather's family not only milked the cow but also mowedand stacked the hay。

  5. 用更为精确的一个动词来代替动词短语。

  例如:

  My grandfather didn't have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends.

  Stand around doing nothing 其实可以用一个动词来表达,即loiter:

  My grandfather didn't have time to loiter with his school friends.

  6. 有时两句话的信息经过组合完全可以用一句话来简练地表达。

  例如:Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree.

  两句话的信息可以合并为下面这句更为简洁的句子:

  Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses, let alone pay for a university degree.

  二、使用了一定的词汇量

  具备一定的词汇量,指的并不仅仅是考生可以认知多少单词,而是指是否能在不同的语境中和写作要求中运用正确的单词。

  譬如,Task 1的Letter和Report 就需要使用不同语气的单词,写一封求职信和抱怨信也需要使用不同语气的单词。在雅思考试中,考生不需要具备。特别大的词汇量,但却需要对词汇的理解做到精益求精。

  如果考生能够掌握常见单词的近义词的话,对雅思的写作是大有裨益的。尤其是学术考试的Task1, 如果考生能够灵活运用不同动词描述相似的变化,无疑会给自己增加筹码。

  三、拼写没有错误

  雅思考试在各种考试中属于比较难的一种。尤其是写作,只有整数分,考生更不应该因为小错误犯的过多而影响了成绩。其实好多拼写上的错误是完全可以避免的,只要考生在写完后检查一遍就可以避免。

  可是确实有很多单词是大家都认识,自己拼却拼不对。这种情况是大家的通病。在平时考生应注意积累,养成细致的习惯。或者可以将写好的作文敲入电脑,所有错误的单词都会有红色下划线,WORD还有自动更正功能。

  四、主题句的应用

  根据外国人的线性思维习惯, 文章的段落 应是主题段,简单介绍了文章的大体思路。而每个段落的句又应是主题句,表达了本段的中心思想,其后的每一个观点都应围绕这个中心展开。所有扩展句都紧扣主题。多参考雅思范文。

  五、使用了过渡性词语,因而句子之间和段落之间都有逻辑性和条理性。

  六、在学术类考试的Task2 议论文的写作中,仅仅有一个观点是不够的,必须提供足够的细节、例子或论据,一般应在4到5个左右。

  七、避免空洞的单词和词组

  1. 一些空洞的单词或词组根本不能为句子带来任何相关的或重要的信息,完全可以被删掉。

  比如:When all things are considered, young adults of today live more satisfying lives than those of their parents, in my opinion.

  这句话当中的“when all things are considered”和“in my opinion“都显得多余。完全可以去掉。改为:

  Young adults of today live more satisfying lives than their parents.

  2. 有些空洞和繁琐的表达方式可以进行替换。

  例如:Due to the fact that our grandparents were under an obligation to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have at this point in time.

  “due to the fact that”就是一个很典型的繁琐的表达方式的例子,可以替换,简化为下面的表达方式:

  Because our grandparents were obligated to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have now.

  八、避免重复

  1. 尽量避免重复使用同样的词汇,或者有的时候虽然词汇没有重复,但意思却有重复。这时候可以做一些简化的工作。

  例如下面这个例子:The farm my grandfather grew up on was large in size.

  large对一个farm来说就是size方面的large,所以in size可以去掉,改为:

  The farm my grandfather grew up on was large.

  更简洁的表达方式为:

  My grandfather grew up on a large farm.

  2. 有时一个词组可以用一个更简单的单词来替换。

  例如:My grandfather has said over and over again that he had to work on his parents' farm.

  这里的over and over again就可以改为repeatedly,显得更为简洁:

  My grandfather has said repeatedly that he had to work on his parents' farm.

  希望上面的内容能给有需要的同学提供帮助,也希望同学们可以取得好成绩。

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