Shown in the diagram is the procedure of making sugar from sugar canes. Overall, it is complex, taking multiple steps and using many pieces of equipment.
First of all, when sugar canes ripen after 12 to 18-month growth, they are ready for the harvesting, which is done either by large machinery or by manual labor. The sugar canes are then put through a crushing machine to produce juice. At the next step, the juice goes through a funnel in which a limestone filter purifies the juice. The evaporator is the device in the next step, and it, using heat, makes syrup from the purified juice. With the syrup made, the centrifuge separates sugar crystals from the syrup. Once drawn/extracted from the syrup, the sugar crystals will be put into a cylinder to dry and cool, which is the final step of the whole process.