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首页 > 雅思 > 雅思资讯 > 雅思综合 > 雅思小作文地图题实例讲解

雅思小作文地图题实例讲解

2021-11-23     作者 :    

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     近两年来,雅思小作文除了常规的数据类测*题之外,大量地增加了对地图题的考察,成为除了柱状图和表格之外的第三大重点题型,所以我们必须作为重点复习。一下是剑13Text中的地图题写作解析,帮助烤鸭从解析开始,掌握答题思路和常用表达。

  C13T1 WRITING TASK 1



  1. 题目类型:历史变迁类地图

  2. 分析方法:

  1) 根据题目核心词road access得知,该篇需重点描述road access的前后变化,确定时态(过去或过去完成)

  2) 首段改写题目

  3) 二段描述2007年的地图:总述+细节

  4) 总述:2007年的时候通往city hospital的道路是非常简单清晰而且整齐的。

  5) 细节:(注意使用准确的语言,比如方位,形容词,动词等):显然,ring road包围了整个CITY HOSTPITAL, CITY HOSTPITAL的南面有一个垂直方向Hospital RD, with 6个bus stop平均分配到它的在两边。与HOSPITAL RD相交的一条水平方向的city road构成了一个交叉路。没有提到的部分就是在这个交叉路口的东北方向的car park,而且值得注意的是这个停车场是提供给医院的员工和一些公共停车位,我们可以从city hospital的东南角的ring road进入这个停车场。

  6) 三段写2010年的变化:总述+细节

  7) 总述:总的来说,变化后的roads更加复杂但是也更加方便。

  8) 最明显的变化就是原来的合用的停车场,现在变成单独的两个,其中一个public位于city hospital的东面,而另一个for staff的保留在原地。同时,两个环岛被分别建立在hospital road的南北两个连接口,这两个新建的环岛使得各个道路之间的连接更加通畅,而且bus station 也被统一地规划到hospital road的西侧,并且有两个连接环岛的小路。

  9) 结尾总结:经过变化之后,我们可以看到现在的city hospital附近的交通更加四通八达。

  3. 参考范文

  A glance at the two maps given demonstrates relatively sophisticated alterations of road access adjacent to a particular city hospital in separate two years: 2007 and 2010.

  The road to City Hospital in 2007 was very simple, clear and tidy. Evidently, ring road surrounded the entire city Hospital, the south of which lay a vertical Hospital RD, with 6 bus stops evenly assigned to it on both sides, while a horizontal city road that intersected Hospital Rd constituted a crossover. Not mentioned is the car park in the northeast of the intersection, and it is worth noting that the parking lot is provided to both hospital staff and some public parking spaces, which could be entered from the ring road in the southeast corner of City Hospital.

  As for the changing pattern in 2010, there were substantial differenced worth noticing. The most apparent one was that the original combined parking place was divided into two: the public one located in the east of the city hospital while the other for staff remained where it was. Meanwhile, two newly-constructed roundabouts was sited in the northern and southern connections on hospital road, which provided a more fluent transportation. The bus station was regulated uniformly to the western side of hospital road with two small paths leaking with the two main roundabouts. Finally, merely the existing ring road maintained unchanged.

  After the above-mentioned changes, we can see the relatively complicated reconstruction offers more convenience.

  4. 学生常见问题:

  1) 抓不到地图描述重点

  2) 搞不清描述顺序

  3) 不能用复杂句式串联句子

  4) 句式表达多样性不足(6分以上学员)

  5. 解决办法:

  1) 分析地图题题目表达的核心确定描述重点

  2) 选择两个或三个相邻的内容用长难句进行串联

  3) 通过范文分析积累连接词和用法

  4) 通过换主语实现表达的多样性




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