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考研英语:英语小作文
2020-07-30 11:21   作者:新航道   阅读量:

  为了考查考生的英语运用能力,考研英语从2005年开始出现了我们所知道的“小作文”,那么小作文具体指什么,又有哪些写作要求呢?今天这篇文章将带领大家“揭秘”。


  类型小作文

1596079342(1).png

  如图表所示,考研英语小作文第一大类是书信类,它包括:公务信函和私人信函,要说的是这是考研英语最最常考的形式,所以考生们需要牢牢把握住书信的写法,Give your priority to it.

  另外三种,虽然出现的频率不是很多,但我们也要各个击破,准备充分地上考场,下面简单地为大家介绍一下。


  01.备忘录

  一种内部机构的书信,一般是上级写给下级或同级之间的半正式书信,属于半正式文体。文中可以使用3-5次缩写、省略句或口语表达。


  02.报告

  是下级对上级的正式信件,它与备忘录格式完全相同。


  03.告示

  用于公布即将或已经发生的事。

  除了以上这些形式方面的介绍,考生们最关心的当然是拿到题目到底应该怎么写?别着急,今天我们将聚焦于考研英语小作文中出现概率最大的书信!以2005年真题为例:

  Directions:

  Two months ago you got a job as an editor for the magazine Designs & Fashions. But now you find that the work is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss, Mr. Wang, telling him your decision, stating your reason(s), and making an apology.

  Write your letter with no less than 100 words. Write it neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use “Li Ming” instead. You do not need to write the address.

  (10 points)


  Part1

  拿到题目第一步,我们要学会审题

  1)重点标出letter, 确定本文指令要求是写信件;2)思考一下题目中核心词(quit)的同义词:resign, leave等,以及它的名词resignation (在读题的时候脑海中就能想到这些就更好啦)


  Part2

  思考题

  1)写几段?---> 3段 (最佳选择)2)每段写什么?---> 回到题目(题目给你要求/提示)--- telling him your decision;--- stating your reasons;--- making an apology.


  Part3

  列提纲

  Paragraph 1: decide to resignParagraph 2: reasons --- too far away                  --- too many editors already                  --- further my study - higher degreeParagraph 3: apologize --- inconvenience


  Part4

  开始写作(三段式)

  Dear Mr. Wang, (称呼需要顶头写,后面加英文的逗号)     I am writing to tell you that I have decided to resign from my current job as an editor for your magazine Designs & Fashions.(最好使用缩进式,即段间不空行,每段首行缩进4-5个字母)

01

  倾情提供开头段的套话

  1. I am writing (this letter) to ...2. I am a student from ...3. It has been a long time since I saw you ...4. I am so glad to hear from you ...There are several reasons for my resignation. To begin with, the workplace is too far away from where I live and I have spend too much time coming to work everyday. What's more, there are already too many editors here and my work is not that important. Last but not least, I want to further my study and to get a higher degree to become more competitive.


  02

  倾情提供开头段的套话

  1. There are several reasons (requirements/ examples) + for my ...2. To begin with, ...; furthermore, finally3. In the first place,...; in the second place,4. On the one hand, ... On the other hand,...5. In a word, in conclusion,...     I am very sorry if my resignation may cause some inconvenience. Anyway I hope you will take my request into consideration. Wish you all the best.Yours sincerely,Li Ming  (落款在稿纸中间偏右的位置,“Yours sincerely”,注意大小写和逗号,不要出现自己的真实姓名。)


  03

  倾情提供开头段的套话

  1. Thank you very much for ...2. It would be great if you could...3. Please accept my apologies if my ... have4. Please have this problem settled by ...5. Please take my suggestions into consideration.

  以上就是为大家带来的小作文介绍啦,希望对大家有所帮助~


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