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sat语法考点分类

2014-06-26 11:54     供稿单位: 新航道    

出国英语考试有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思阅读评分标准 托福阅读评分标准 雅思和托福的区别

  新航道小编为各位烤鸭整理出SAT语法题型考点、语法考点分类,大家看看吧

题型分类分析

  一.识别错误Identifying Sentence Error(简称ISE)

  .动词 动词里面主要考三个考点:主谓搭配一致;平行结构;时态语态一致。 主谓搭配一致主要就是指谓语的单复数要和它所对应的主语的单复数一致。

  看下面一道题:平行结构

  Like every other

  (A) sociological system, the commune has (B) a way of functioning that may be easily upset (C), either slightly or extreme (D). NO ERROR(E)

  分析:这道题目所考察的就是平行结构,因为either or所紧连接的两个词在语法功能和时态结构上应该保持一致,前面是副词slightly,所以后面也应该是副词extremely.答案选D. 时态和语态一致即指前后的时态和主被动的语态应该保持一致

  比如: Many(A) biographers had stated(B) that Samuel Langhorne Clemens changed(C) his name to Mark Twain to echo the riverboat captain’s call ascertaining the safe navigation(D) depth of the Mississippi River. NO ERROR(E) 很明显这句话的主句应该是用一般过去时而不应该是过去完成时,所以答案应该选B,将had去掉。

  2.名词 NEW SAT中的名词主要是考察名词的单复数错误。 Although(A) they have(B) radically different career plans, Luna and Gabriei both(C) hope to be a Michigan State graduates(D) one day. NO ERROR(E) 这道题目的D前面用了不定冠词a,后面又出现了一个复数形式graduates,所以明显是错误的。

  3.介词 介词主要是考固定搭配。比如看这么一道题目: Wanda implored(A) Marco not to be jealous over(B) her work; she explained that because(C) she liked both Marco and her job, he would have to share(D). NO ERROR(E) 我们知道固定搭配应该是be jealous of,所以jealous后面的介词应该是of而不应该是over,答案选B.

  Improving Paragraph(改进文章,简称IP)

  一般这种题型有四大类问题:改正句子中的语法错误(Sentence Revision);把两句句子结合成一个句子(Sentence Combination);在段落中插入句子(Senetence Addition);以及文章分析问题(Eassy Analysis)。IE主要考查词法:

  SAT 语法考点分类

  名词、代词、形容词

  动词、副词

  介词、连词

  方法:“看到什么想到什么”,不读懂句子也能作对题目。

  目标:熟练掌握已归类的OG所有题目。

  建议:将改正确的句子尽可能多地背下来

  一、名词

  考点:单复数、比较。

  1. Interested in studying insects and their effects on agriculture, Larissa and Tariq plan to become

  an entomologist and then return to help the farmers in their small town. No error.

  2.When they were asked to compare Norman Rockwell’s paintings to painter Robert

  Rauschenberg, the students entered into a prolonged discussion about the representation of reality

  in art. No error.

  3. There is probably no story more dramatic than baseball’s great hitter and right fielder Hank

  Aaron. No error.

  4. Joining a grassroots movement against inhumane working conditions, some consumers in the

  United States have stopped buying products from countries in which workers are essentially a

  slave laborer. No error.

  5. Members of the Alvin Ailey Dance Company have once again shown how the combination of

  strength and being agile can produce beautiful movements. No error.

  二、形容词

  考点:比较级、级;系表结构(系动词+形容词)

  1. Because our casserole was smelling surprisingly badly as it baked, the food science teacher

  came over to ask us what we had put in it. No error.

  2. Social scientists agree that a system for exchanging goods and services is not only present but

  also of necessity in all societies. No error.

  3. Just how critical an improved balance of trade is to a healthy economy has never been more

  clearer than it is now. No error.

  4. Lions and tigers may be identical in size, but the tiger is the fiercer animal and the lion the

  三、动词

  考点:谓语动词do-did-done/非谓语动词to do/doing/done;

  时态;主谓一致(正常语序、倒装语序);动词形式

  1. Jerome often referred to art history textbooks while he was sculpting; whenever he learned a

  new method in art class, he seeks out the work of sculptors who had used it in the past. No error.

  2. As he eagerly awaited the interview for the job, Miguel thought it wise suppressing his

  nervousness and to display a calm he did not feel. No error.

  3. The grooved and barbed spears of the box jellyfish, each trailed by a poison thread, is released when the animal is threatened. No error

  四、副词

  考点:重复使用;副词修饰形容词/动词

  1. According to educational statistics, the average age of college students has risen quite

  noticeable over the past 25 years. No error.

  2. A volunteer organization, the Covington Soup Kitchen has been feeding needy families since

  1977, annually distributing nearly a million pounds of food each year. No error.

  3. The research study reveals startling proof of a constant changing seafloor that comprises the

  major part of the underwater landscape. No error

  4. If I am reading the editorial correct, the mayor is deliberately avoiding any discussion of the

  tax-reform bill until after the November elections. No error.

  5. It was fortunate that Ms. Seward attended the committee meeting, for only she was able to

  examine the problem calm and thoughtfully. No error.

  SAT语法IS考点分类

  语言简洁性SAT的IS中,考生如果排除掉只剩下两三个选项时,剩下的两三个选项从文法上来看都没问题,则优先选择看起来比较简洁的选项。

  1. 能用一个词或词组表达的不要用一个句子或从句

  2. 用because从句表达原因,而不用n+V-ing结构3. 句意不要重复例:A is equally as important as B(错误示范).

  虚拟语气1. 条件句表达意思与现在情况相反或目前不可能实现。If条件句用一般过去时(did/were),从句使用过去将来时(would do)

  2. 条件句表达意思与过去事实相反。If条件句用过去完成时(had done),而从句使用将来完成时(would have done)

  3. 条件句内容与将来事实相反或实现可能性很小。If 条件句用should do/were to do,而从句要用would do 形式。对于以上这三种变化形式,考生只要做到灵活辨别,一般都能选对。

更多SAT语法信息:

sat 语法固定搭配

SAT语法必备技巧

 

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