第一个， [take aback] 吃惊
e.g. We were taken aback by the news.
第二个， [take after] 这里的‘像’有两种意思，可以像一个人的外貌，或是像一个人的性格。
e.g. She is very funny. She takes after her mother.
第三个， [take apart] 拆开
e.g. He took my phone apart to fix it.
第四个， [take away] 外带
To buy food from a restaurant and eat it elsewhere
e.g. We ordered Chinese food to take away.
第五个， [take off] 它有三种不同的意思，我们分别在例句中看一下：
1 The plane took off at 2 pm.
2 Her career took off.
3 It was hot in the room so he took off his coat.
最后一个， [take up]
Spend time doing something regularly
e.g. She took up swimming and started going twice a week.