People are always looking for lost cities and occasionally one is found: Borobudur in Indonesia, for example. But perhaps some of the places people look for never existed-or did they? Here are just a few famous mythical cities.
El Dorado is a legend that began in 1537, when Spanish explorers found the Muisca people in the mountains of what is now Colombia. They heard the story of a man who covered himself with gold and dived into a lake.
The story went to Quito and people began to talk of El Dorado-'the golden men'. Soon people started to think of El Dorado as a place, too-a city of gold and amazing riches.
The Spanish sent many people to look for El Dorado, but they never found it. Nowadays, the name 'El Dorado' is still used to mean 'a place where you can get rich quickly'.
There was once an island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. It was the mythical island of Atlantis.
The people of the island were very rich, thanks to the natural resources on their island.
For hundreds of years, they lived simple lives. But slowly they began to change. They started to want power. So the gods decided to destroy Atlantis. Suddenly, the island and its people were swallowed by the sea and were never seen again.
Most people say Atlantis never existed-it was just a story made by a Greek philosopher, Plato. But there are still people who look for it.
In Tibetan Buddhist tradition, Shambhala is a mystical kingdom that is hidden somewhere behind
the snowy peaks of the Himalayas.
Shambhala is a word from an old language that means 'place of peace or 'place of happiness'. It is said that there is no war in Shambhala, and that the city is inhabited by beautiful people who
live in fabulous houses.
It is also said that, in the future, when the world is full of greed and war, a huge army will come out of Shambhala, destroy the world's bad rulers, and start a new Golden Age. Some people say this will happen in 2424.
来源：MSE指定教材 English In Mind (student's book 2)