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托福听力考试必备词汇有哪些?

2022-11-18 13:55     作者 :    

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学生们一直害怕托福听力中的专有名词,例如:Lechuguilla
cave(龙舌兰洞),thaw lake(融沉湖)。
不懂的时候,学生们开始默默地念咒:为什么还没有结束?!然后疯狂记笔记!其实专有名词后面会有相应的解释。而“熟词僻义”才是真正阻碍理解的难点之一。比如先看看下面这段对话:
虽然passage我们最常见的含义是“文章”,但是这个单词的本意应该是“通道”,来自于词根“pass”。而上
文提及的“passage grave”叫做“通道式坟墓”。
再比如:
这道托福词汇题考查的就是project的熟词僻义“v. 投影,投射,
放映”,所以选D。
熟词僻义甚至生义的频率越来越高也逐渐成为托福考试中一个非常重要的考点甚至拉分点,你以为自己掌握了的单词、这时候却出卖了你……
考生们的差距也由此拉开,今天在这里就给大家简单例举一些希望能有一些启发给到你。
1.about
熟义:关于
僻义:到处=(美)around
例句:We spent the whole afternoon walking about town.
2. absent
熟义:缺席的
僻义:茫然的,恍惚的
例句:He looked at me in an absent way.
3. abuse
熟义:滥用,谩骂
僻义:虐待
例句:She is quite a successful career woman, but actually she’s much abused at home.
4.accept
熟义:接受
僻义:认可
例句:I accept that the aircraft has no choice but to crash into the sea.
5. accommodate
熟义:住宿,留宿
僻义1: 容纳
例句:This hotel can accommodate more than 500 guests.
僻义2:准予,提供
例句:He accommodated me when I asked him for help.
6. ache
熟义:疼痛
僻义:渴望
例句:He was aching for home.
7.act
熟义:行动
僻义:起作用
It takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act.
8. acknowledge
熟义:承认,道谢
僻义: 对……打招呼
例句:He acknowledged me by lifting his hat.
9. across
熟义:越过
僻义: 与……交叉,与……成十字
例句:The two roads cut across each other.
10.add
熟义:加
僻义:补充说
例句:She was sad, she said, but added that she felt she had made the right decision.
11.address
熟义:地址,写地址
僻义:向...发表演说
例句:She will address to the public.
12.admit
熟义:承认
僻义1:允许进入
例句:The servant opened the door and admitted me.
僻义2:容纳
例句:The theatre only admits 1,000 persons.
13. against
熟义:反对,违背
僻义:衬着,迎着,靠着
例句:The picture looks good against the white wall.
14. age
熟义:年龄
2022/11/18 干货!掌握这50个托福难词,拿高分很有可能! - 爱思学
https://www.isixue.com/article/391186/ 5/17
僻义:使变老
例句:Worry aged him rapidly.
15. agree with
熟义:同意
僻义: 协调,适合
例句:Long plane trips don't agree with me.
16.air
熟义:空气
僻义:样子,神态,气氛
例句:There was a comfortable air about her room.
17. alive
熟义:活着的
僻义: 充满
例句:The street are alive with people.
18. alone
熟义:单独地,一个人地
僻义:仅仅,只有
例句:She alone was able to answer the question.
19. amount
熟义:量
僻义:达到,共计
例句:The cost amounted to $ 2000.
20. announce
熟义:宣布
僻义:显示,预告
例句:Warm sunshine announces the coming of spring.
21. appreciate
熟义:欣赏,感激,感谢
2022/11/18 干货!掌握这50个托福难词,拿高分很有可能! - 爱思学
https://www.isixue.com/article/391186/ 6/17
僻义:意识到
例句:I appreciated that I might be wrong.
22. arrival
熟义:到达
僻义:到达的人或事物
例句:All stood up to welcome the new arrival.
23. arm
熟义:手臂
僻义:武装
例句:I armed myself with a baseball bat and went to investigate the noise.
24. attend
熟义:出席
僻义:看护;治疗
例句:The nurse attended to him day and night.
25. arrange
熟义:安排;整理
僻义:商量
例句:I’ve arranged with the neighbours about filling the manager’s job.
26. arrest
熟义:逮捕
僻义:停止,阻止
例句:The new medicine arrested the spread of the disease.
27. assume
熟义:假定,以为
僻义: 担任
例句:He will assume the directorship of the project.
28. absolute
熟义:完全的,绝对的
僻义:确切的
例句:The police have absolute proof that he was the murderer.
29. accompany
熟义:陪伴,伴奏
僻义: 伴随
例句:Strong winds accompanied the heavy rain.
30. account for
熟义:解释说明……的原因;占……比例
僻义:因为
例句:His illness accounts for his absence.
31. aggressive
熟义:好斗的,侵略的
僻义:进取的
例句:If he wants to succeed, he has to be aggressive.
32. alike
熟义:想象地;相似的
僻义:同样地
例句:Teachers should care for all the pupils alike.
33. allergic
熟义:过敏的
僻义:对……十分厌恶
例句:I am allergic to those who could not give help.
34. allow
熟义:允许
僻义:使可能
例句:This diet allows you one glass of wine a day.
35. ample
熟义:足够的,丰裕的
2022/11/18 干货!掌握这50个托福难词,拿高分很有可能! - 爱思学
https://www.isixue.com/article/391186/ 8/17
僻义:广泛的
例句:That you stay abroad will give you ample chances to learn a new language.
36. aspect
熟义:方面
僻义:面貌,外表,样子,外观
例句:He had an impressive aspect.
37. available
熟义:可得到的,可找到的
僻义:(人)有空的
例句:The worthy professor is now available.
38. advance
熟义:前进,推进
僻义1:预付(款)
例句:She asked for an advance on her salary.
僻义2:增加
例句:Share prices showed significant advances today.
39. advise
熟义:建议
僻义:通知
例句:We were advised to book early if we wanted to get a room.
40. balance
熟义:平衡
僻义:差额,余款
例句:I must check my bank balance.
41. back
熟义:背
僻义:支持
例句:Many of his friends backed his plan.
42.badly
熟义:坏
僻义:迫切
例句:The boy badly wants a new bike.
43. bar
熟义:棒,条,吧间
僻义:障碍
例句:Poor health may be a bar to success in life.
44. become
熟义:变得,变成
僻义:适于,适合
例句:Her new hat certainly becomes her.
45. before
熟义:以前
僻义:才;就
例句:It was a long time before I got to sleep again.
46. behaviour
熟义:举止,行为
僻义:性能,特点
例句:The behaviour of this computer is moderately good.
47.blank
熟义:空白的 n. 空白
僻义:没表情的,空虚的,没兴趣的
例句:The stranger returned my greeting with a blank look.
48. blue
熟义:蓝色
僻义:忧伤的
例句:His songs always make me feel blue.
49. beside
熟义:在...旁边
僻义:与...相比
例句:Those books seem very dull beside this one.
50. bare
熟义:裸露的
僻义:向某人袒露心声
例句:He likes to bare his heart/soul with his close friends

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