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GRE写作:The Issue Task 精选20讲 · 第2讲
2021-05-17 14:48   作者:新航道   阅读量:

  上一讲,我们说到GRE写作中Analyze an Issue是类似于托福the Independent Writing Task的写作分项。

  但是,比起托福独立写作任务,GRE写作的Analyze an Issue任务的要求更多也更高。

  并且,我们看到了最常见的一种指令:Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

  指令中关键的部分已经用斜体字和高亮标出。

  我们在上一讲还讲到“回应这中指令的作文在行文逻辑上不需要特别的设计,就是按部就班的方式进行讨论就好”。也就是说我们正常论证给出的statement的对错(也就是我们同意或者不同意)即可。

  我们今天再看一个这个指令的题目:

  The surest indicator of a great nation is represented not by the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists, but by the general welfare of its people.

  假设我们我们的立场为:【Agree】,老师写了一个作文的梗概,如下:

  开头段落

  The statement is true as it rebuts the misconception that the greatness of a nation is determined by the achievements of its elite class and points out the truth that it is because its people enjoy good general welfare that a nation is great.

  主体部分第1段

  以简单的“少数服从多数”逻辑为论据。

  The statement sees the greater picture as it focuses on the overwhelming majority of a nation and disregards the tiny portion. It is certainly wrong to generalize from a country’s elitists, which are a rather small group of people and thus hardly representative of all, to the entire nation. On the contrary, it is apparent that average people, who are the predominant part of a nation, are definitely decisive.

  主体部分第2段

  看到statement底层想法的正确性(适用于几乎所有题目)。

  Underlying the statement is the idea of fairness. When we put emphasis on the welfare that covers the overall population and on people who are ordinary, there would be less risk of having disproportional distribution of wealth.

  主体部分第3段

  以历史的眼光看问题(适用于立意很高的题目)。

  History has proved what the statement says.

  结尾段落

  In light of the above, the statement is true in a minimum of three dimensions. A nation’s rulers, artists, or scientists may achievement great accomplishments; however, none of those achievements are comparable with the general welfare of the nation’s average people.

  文中依然是多处被高亮的部分,这些部分往往出现在每个段落的开头(也包括开头段落和结尾段落)。

  也就是说写作时,我们首先以审视的眼光去评价statement,好比我们把statement当成一个人,并且这个人说了一句话,我们在评价这句话之前先说“这个人很有大局观”,作为宏观的一个定性,然后再说这句话具体怎么体现了大局观。

  如果我们不同意这个人的这句话,我们先说“这个人的眼光狭隘了”,然后才去这句话具体怎么狭隘了(即statement中的具体陈述)。

  这种写作方法是Issue任务中讨喜的,符合Issue任务的设定和要求。

  这种写作手法,我们会在接下来不断通过范文(梗概)中的黄色高亮部分提醒大家。

  当然,这两讲(第1、2讲)我们面对的是最简单的指令类型,下一讲,我们看一个稍有挑战的逻辑类型。


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