Competitiveness is considered to be an important quality for people in many societies.
How does it affect individuals?
Is it a positive or negative trend?
Being competitive is an arguably desirable quality. It could go either way on both the individual level and the level of society.
In the good way, competitiveness evokes one’s yearning for wealth and fame. Being competitive, the one is strong-willed, conscientious and resilient, thus having the traitscrucial to achieving success. Also, the individual may be charismatic because he or she canimbue people with enthusiasm and energy. On the other hand, things may go the other way: not only does it plague an individual with desires that are beyond his or her ability, being competitive may also be unfavorable for having a rapport with other people. People usually prefer an amiable colleague or classmate, who is considered approachable and relaxing, and they are probably estranged from a competitive individual, who may be considered unfriendly and stressful.
* 文脉：因为在开头段落讲到的两种情况（It could go either way），所以本段的结构就可以很简单：分别讨论两种情况即可。注意：In the good way和On the other hand这两个短语很重要。它们是提示读者本段落的内容的切分的。这是常说的“逻辑连接词”，是评分的关键点之一。
Same as it is to an individual, competitiveness, on the scale of a society, can also be both advantageous and disadvantageous. On one hand, a society may therefore nurture acourageous and aspiring nation that may conquer any hardship. The Chinese are such a nation, a nation that never yields to any difficulties. Being competitive has got them out of so many predicaments throughout history. On the other hand, if competitiveness goes the other way and becomes excess. There can hardly be altruism in a society, and, instead, as to win is every individual’s only purpose, a society can be apathetic or even aggressive.
* 文脉：本段同样分别讨论两种情况即可。注意：On one hand和On the other hand这两个短语很重要。更重要的是，本段的第一句是用来衔接本段和上一段的，那么Same as it is to an individual 这个短语就很重要：在结构和内容上起到串联上下文的作用，在语法现象上是状语的一种形式。
An individual can be driven by the desire to win and make accomplishments, or the individual gets trapped in the mindset and loses his or her calm. Likewise, this dichotomy also applies to societies.