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托福阅读常见词根汇总
2020-07-31 16:15   作者:新航道   阅读量:

  托福阅读词汇常见词根汇总


  1) aer, ar, 含义是“空气,大气” aeroplane, aerial,

  2) ag, act, ig, 含义是“做,动作” active, agent, reaction,

  3) alt, 含义是“高”, altitude,

  4) alter, altern, altr, 含义是“其它,变更” alternate,

  5) bio, bi, bion, 含义是“生物,生命” biol**y, bionics(仿生学)

  6) brev, bri, brief, 含义是“短” brief, abbreviation, abridge(节略)

  7) cap, capt, cept, cip, 含义是“取,获” capture, except, concept, capacity

  8) ced, ceed, cess, 含义是“行,让步” proceed, succeed, excess(过度)

  9) centr, centr, 含义是“中心” concentrate, eccentric(偏心的)

  10) clain, clam, 含义是“呼喊” claim, proclaim, exclaim

  11) clos, clud, 含义是“闭合” conclude, enclose, include

  12) col, cult, 含义是“耕耘” colony, cultivate, agriculture

  13) cor, cord, 含义是“心” cordial, record, accord

  14) curr, cur, cour, 含义是“跑,动作” current, occur, concurrence(同时发生)

  15) dic, dict, 含义是“说,示” dictate, edit, indicate, predict

  16) doc, doct, 含义是“教” doctor, document.nbsp

  17) duc, duct含义是“引导,传导” introduce, produce, conduct, deduct( 推论)

  18) fact, fac, fect, dic, dit, 含义是“做,创造” factory, effect, profit, faculty,  perfect

  19) fend, fens, 含义是“打,击” defence, offence

  20) fer, 含义是“搬运,移转” ferry, transfer, defer(迟延)

  21) fin, finit, 含义是“终,极” final, finish, confine

  22) firm, 含义是“坚固” firm, confirm, affirm(断定)

  23) fix, 含义是“固定” prefix, affix(附加)

  24) flect, flex, 含义是“弯曲” flexible, reflex

  25) flor, flour, flower, 含义是“花” flower, flourish

  26) form, 含义是“形” uniform, formula, transform, reform, deform

  27) forc, fort, 含义是“力,强度” force, enforce, effort

  28) gen, genit, 含义是“生产,发生” generate, generation

  29) gram, graph, 含义是“书写,记录” telegram, diagram, phot**raph

  30) grad, gress, gred, gree, 含义是“步,阶段” gradually, degree, pr**ress

  31) hab, habit, hibit, 含义是“保持,住” inhabit, exhibit, prohibit

  32) her, hes, 含义是“粘附” adhere, cohesion

  33) ject, jet, 含义是“抛射” project, inject

  34) jour, 含义是“日,一天” journal(日记), journey, adjourn(延期)

  35) jug, junct, 含义是“结合,连合” conjunction, junction(连合)

  36) labour, labor, 含义是“劳动,工作” labourer, elaborate, collaborate

  37) lect, leg, lig, 含义是“挑选,采集” collect, select, lecture

  38) lif, liv, 含义是“生活,生存” life, alive, live

  39) loc, 含义是“场所,位置” location, dislocate(脱位)

  40) long, leng, ling, 含义是“长的” length, prolong, linger

  41) loqu, locut, 含义是“说话” colloquial, eloquent,

  42) mand, mend, 含义是“命令” command, demand, recommend

  43) man, manu, 含义是“手,手法” manage, manual

  44) memor, menber, 含义是“记忆” memory, remember, memorial

  45) mind, ment, 含义是“心” mind, remind, mental

  46) merc, merch, 含义是“贸易” commerce, merchant

  47) meas, mens, meter, metr, 含义是“测量,度量” measure, meter, diameter

  48) min, 含义是“小” diminish, minority

  49) miss, mit, 含义是“派遣,送” mission, dismiss, transmit, missile

  50) mob, mot, mov, 含义是“动” movement, motion, mobile, remove

  51) nect, nex, 含义是“捆扎” connect, disconnect, annex(合并)

  52) not, 含义是“记号,注意” note, denote, annotation(注释)

  53) onom, onym, 含义是“名字” synonym, antonym, anonymous

  54) pair, par, 含义是“a)相同,对等b)准备” compare, prepare

  55) pel, puls, 含义是“追逐” expel, impel(推进)

  56) pend, pens, pond, 含义是“悬挂” depend, independent, expense(支付)

  57) phon, 含义是“声音” symphony, telephone, microphone

  58) plac, 含义是“位置,场所” place, replace

  59) peopl, popul, publ, 含义是“人民,民众” public, republic, popular, people

  60) port, 含义是“搬运” export, import, deport(输送)

  61) press, 含义是“压,压制” pressure, express, oppress, impression

  62) prob, proof, prov, 含义是“实验,验证” prove, approve,

  63) quer, quest, quir, quis, 含义是“寻找,探问” inquiry, question,  inquisition(调查,追究)

  64) rang, rank, 含义是“排列” arrange, rank,

  65) rect, right, rig, 含义是“正,直” correct, direct, erect

  66) riv, 含义是“河流,流远”,river, arrive, derive

  67) rupt, 含义是“破坏,毁坏” eruption, bankrupt, corruption

  68) sci, 含义是“认识,知识” science, conscious

  69) scrib, script, 含义是“书写,记录” describe, script

  70) sens, sent, 含义是“感觉,情感” sensation, sentiment

  71) sign, 含义是“标记,符号” signal, signature, design

  72) sembl, simil, 含义是“相似,类似” similar, resemble, assimilate(同化)

  73) soci, 含义是“结合,社交” social, association

  74) spec, spect, spitc, spis, 含义是“看,视” inspect, spectator, conspicuous,  respect

  75) struct, 含义是“建筑,构造” structure, construct, instruct, destruction

  76) tect, teg, 含义是“遮蔽,掩盖” detect, protect

  77) temp, tens, 含义是“时间,时机” tense, contemporary, temporal

  78) tend, tes, tent, 含义是“倾向, 伸张” tendency, intension, extend, intend

  79) test, 含义是“证明,证实” testify, protest, contest(争论)

  80) text, 含义是“编织, 构成” textile, texture, context

  81) tract, trail, 含义是“拖拉,吸引” attract, tractor, abstract, contract(收缩)

  82) tribut, 含义是“给予” contribution, distribute

  83) us, ut, 含义是“用,使用” usable, utilize, abuse

  84) vac, van, 含义是“空,虚” vacancy, vanity, evacuate(清空)

  85) vad, vas, wad, 含义是“走,去” invade, wade, evade(逃避)

  86) vers, vert, 含义是“旋转,反转” convert, inversion(倒转), reverse, divert(使转向)

  87) vid, vis, vey, view, 含义是“观看,看见” television, visible, evident,  interview, survey

  88) viv, vit, 含义是“生,活” vivid, vital, survival,

  89) war, ward, 含义是“注意,保护” aware, wary(谨慎), ward(守护)

  90) way, 含义是“路” way, away, subway, always


  以上是托福阅读词汇:常见前缀总结,大家可以根据前缀猜测词义,这样背单词就会容易一些。


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